Refractive errors refer to a number of common conditions that affect the shape of the eye and make focusing on objects difficult, among other symptoms. The specific type of refractive error you have is associated with different components of the eye, including the cornea or lens. Patients at Kornmehl Laser Eye Associates have several options available to them to help treat their refractive errors, improving both their vision and quality of life.
Nearsightedness, or myopia, describes the refractive error that makes distant objects appear out of focus, but objects that are in close enough range can often be seen clearly. Nearsightedness is caused by:
- An eyeball that may be too long
- The corneal shape affecting the refractive power of the eye
Eye strain, headache, and squinting are all common symptoms of nearsightedness.
Farsightedness can be seen as the opposite of nearsightedness. In other words, it makes it difficult for individuals to see clearly up close; however, most people with this condition can clearly see objects at a distance, such as a television screen or a billboard. Farsightedness, also called hyperopia, is the most common refractive error and occurs when the refractive power of the eye is too weak. Farsightedness is associated with many of the same symptoms of nearsightedness.
If you notice that objects have slowly started to appear out of focus as you age, you may have age-related farsightedness, or presbyopia. This condition differs from regular farsightedness because the reduction in quality of vision is due to a loss of elasticity of the lens, which occurs over time as the body ages.
Astigmatism is characterized by an abnormal corneal shape (the eye is shaped like a football instead of a basketball), which results in objects up close and far away appearing out of focus. Astigmatism can accompany both farsightedness and nearsightedness.
Your Treatment Options
Refractive errors are common vision issues, and those with this condition have several treatment options available.
LASIK: Traditional and all-laser custom wavefront LASIK are offered at Kornmehl Laser Eye Associates. LASIK is a convenient and reliable procedure that has helped many satisfied patients rely less on glasses and contacts for clear vision.
Glasses: If you use glasses to see clearly, you are in excellent company. Glasses are the most common type of eyewear that can improve a range of vision problems.
Contact lenses: Contact lenses are more comfortable than ever. These thin, soft disks are placed on the cornea and move with your eye, providing patients with a natural field of view with no frames to obstruct vision.
Improved Eyesight at Kornmehl Laser Eye Associates
Dr. Kornmehl has earned a glowing reputation as a top Ophthalmologist who is dedicated to improving his patients’ vision and quality of life. He, along with his knowledgeable staff, is ready to help restore or improve your vision with a variety of safe and effective treatment options. To schedule a consultation, email us at firstname.lastname@example.org or call our office today.